Call for LOD – Linking Scales and Providers Through Digital Spatial Representations

  • Anssi Joutsiniemi
  • Jarmo Laitinen
  • Juho Malmi
Part of the Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing book series (AI&KP, volume 1)


This article provides insight into linkages of data within a common spatial ontology over different scales, that are not obvious from the perspective of software interoperability. The aim of text is to stress the importance of the data usage and potentials that open up when large amounts of digital representations comes available. The focus is on industry standards of three scales of spatial design and the potential added value of their data as a by-product of ordinary usage. Samples are chosen to promote the idea that the intelligent usage of standards is far more important and far reaching than the original aim of the standardising.


Domain Ontology Digital Representation Electronic Product Code Interchange Format Language Geography Markup 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baudrillard, J.: Cool Memories. Verso, London (1990)Google Scholar
  2. Brockman, J.: The adjacent possible – a talk with Stuart Kauffman. (2003). Accessed 5 Feb 2011
  3. Carless, S.: Game Hacking. O’Reilly Media, Sebastopol, CA (2005)Google Scholar
  4. Free Software Foundation: GNU lesser general public license. (2007). Accessed 5 Feb 2011
  5. Gibin, M., Singleton, A., Milton, R., Mateos, P., Longley, P.: Collaborative mapping of London using google maps: the LondonProfiler, CASA working papers series, Paper 132. (2008). Accessed 3 Feb 2011
  6. Gilmore, J.: Introducing google’s geocoding service. (2008). Accessed 4 Feb 2011
  7. Google: 3D warehouse. (2011). Accessed 5 Feb 2011
  8. Hietanen, J.: IFC model view definition format. International Alliance for Interoperability. (2006)
  9. Hudson-Smith, A.: Digital urban – The visual city, CASA working papers series, paper 124. (2007)
  10. Hudson-Smith, A., Milton, R., Dearden, J., Batty, M.: Virtual cities: digital mirrors into a recursive world, CASA working papers series, Paper 125. (2007)
  11. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers: IEEE Standard Computer Dictionary: A Compilation of IEEE Standard Computer Glossaries. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  12. OGC: OGC® KML. Open geospatial consortium. (2008) Accessed 5 Feb 2011
  13. Slater, M., Steed, A., Chrysanthou, Y.: Computer graphics and virtual environments. Addison Wesley, London (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Urban Planning and Design, School of Architecture, Faculty of Built EnvironmentTampere University of TechnologyTampereFinland
  2. 2.ICT in Construction, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Built EnvironmentTampere University of TechnologyTampereFinland
  3. 3.Virtual Building Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Built EnvironmentTampere University of TechnologyTampereFinland

Personalised recommendations