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General Theory of Multicriteria Analysis and Life Cycle Assessment

  • Lucia Recchia
  • Paolo Boncinelli
  • Enrico Cini
  • Marco Vieri
  • Francesco Garbati Pegna
  • Daniele Sarri
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

The agro-industrial sector presents relevant environmental pressures in terms of both consumption of non-renewable resources, emissions of greenhouse gases, by-product reuse and waste disposal. Moreover, these environmental aspects must be evaluated assuring the technical feasibility and the economical sustainability of the alternative chains. Therefore, the multicriteria analysis (MCA) implementation is useful to detect all the possible technical solutions and identify the most suitable ones in order to limit the production costs and minimise the environmental pressures. On the other hand the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is one of the most effective tools for carrying out the environmental analysis, even if the large variability and complexity of possible scenarios often determine a huge amount of configurations to be investigated, which require considerable computational time and resources. For this reason the methodological approach proposed in this book adopts the MCA at the very first stage as a sort of pre−filtering which should be capable of selecting the most relevant cases to be investigated by means of LCA.

Keywords

Life Cycle Assessment Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessment Life Cycle Assessment Methodology Life Cycle Assessment Result 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia Recchia
    • 1
  • Paolo Boncinelli
    • 1
  • Enrico Cini
    • 1
  • Marco Vieri
    • 1
  • Francesco Garbati Pegna
    • 1
  • Daniele Sarri
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Economia, Ingegneria, Scienze e Tecnologie Agrarie e, ForestaliUniversità degli Studi FirenzeFlorenceItaly

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