As the Greek prefix tele (τηλε) denotes, telemedicine is medicine from afar, far off, or at a distance, perhaps with the added implication that medical consultation is not undertaken “in-person” and thus leads to “remote diagnosis”, or telediagnosis.
The word “telemedicine” is recent: its first apparent use in the medical literature was in 1969 in a paper reporting the use of interactive television for patient consultation (Murphy and Bird 1969), although related terms appeared much earlier, including “telecardiogram” used by Willem Einthoven to describe transmission of an electrocardiogram by telephone wire in 1905 (Einthoven 1906; translation Blackburn 1953), a feat which has prompted designation of the Dutchman as the “father” of telemedicine (Bashshur and Shannon 2009: 137). Nonetheless, “telemedicine” does not appear in the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary, published in 1989.
KeywordsExpand Disability Status Scale Pathological Gambling Personal Health Record District General Hospital Oxford English Dictionary
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