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Properties of Critical Infrastructures

  • Wolfgang Kröger
  • Enrico Zio
Chapter

Abstract

Physical-engineered critical infrastructures (CIs) are characterized as large scale, spatially distributed, complex networks—either open or closed. According to Dueñas-Osorio and Vemuru (2009), these systems are made of “a large number of interacting components (real or virtual), show emergent properties difficult to anticipate from the knowledge of single components, are characterized by a large degree of adaptability to absorb random disruptions and are highly vulnerable to widespread failure under adverse conditions.” Indeed, small perturbations can trigger cascades and large-scale consequences in CIs; furthermore, disruptions may also be caused by targeted malicious attacks.

Keywords

Critical Infrastructure Security Criterion Remote Terminal Unit Primary Frequency Control Critical Infrastructure Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical and Process Engineering DepartmentETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Ecole Centrale Paris, Laboratoire Génie IndustrielChatenay-Malabry CedexFrance

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