SIMONA Implementation Results

Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)


This chapter describes the implementation of the sliding mode allocation schemes from the previous chapter on the 6-DOF research flight simulator SIMONA at Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. The controller is implemented in ‘C’ and runs on the ‘flight control’ computer associated with SIMONA. Real-time implementation issues are discussed and a range of fault scenarios from the GARTEUR AG16 benchmark are tested and discussed.


Control Surface Slide Mode Controller Switching Function Sideslip Angle Flight Simulator 


  1. 35.
    Brière, D., Traverse, P.: Airbus A320/A330/A340 electrical flight controls: A family of fault-tolerant systems. Digest of papers FTCS-23 the twenty-third International Symposium on Fault-Tolerant Computing, Toulouse, France, pp. 616–623 (1993) Google Scholar
  2. 36.
    Bryson, A.E.: Control of Spacecraft and Aircraft. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1994) Google Scholar
  3. 43.
    Burcham, F.W., Maine, T.A., Kaneshinge, J., Bull, J.: Simulator evaluation of simplified propulsion-only emergency flight control system on transport aircraft. Technical report NASA/TM-1999-206578, NASA (1999) Google Scholar
  4. 65.
    De Gaay Fortman, W.F., Van Paassen, M.M., Mulder, M., In’t Veld, A.C., Clarke, J.P.: Implementing time-based spacing for decelerating approaches. J. Aircr. 44, 106–118 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 66.
    De Prins, J.L., Schippers, F.K.M., Mulder, M., Van Paassen, M.M., In’t Veld, A.C., Clarke, J.P.: Enhanced self-spacing algorithm for three-degree decelerating approaches. J. Guid. Control Dyn. 30, 576–90 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 80.
    Edwards, C., Lombaerts, T., Smaili, H.: Fault Tolerant Flight Control: A Benchmark Challenge vol. 399. Springer, Berlin (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 91.
    Field, E.J., Pinney, T.R., (René) van Paassen, M.M., Stroosma, O., Rivers, R.A.: Effects of implementation variations on the results of piloted simulator handling qualities evaluations. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference and Exhibit, Providence, RI, USA, pp. 43–58 (2004) Google Scholar
  8. 105.
    Ganguli, S., Marcos, A., Balas, G.J.: Reconfigurable LPV control design for Boeing 747-100/200 longitudinal axis. In: American Control Conference, Anchorage, AK, USA, pp. 3612–3617 (2002) Google Scholar
  9. 113.
    Gouverneur, B., Mulder, J.A.B., van Paassen, M.M.R., Stroosma, O.: Optimization of the SIMONA Research Simulator’s Motion Filter Settings for Handling Qualities Experiments. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference and Exhibit, Austin, TX, USA (2003) Google Scholar
  10. 117.
    Hallouzi, R., Verhaegen, M.: Fault-tolerant subspace predictive control applied to a Boeing 747 model. J. Guid. Control Dyn. 31(4), 873–883 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 119.
    Hanke, C., Nordwall, D.: The simulation of a jumbo jet transport aircraft. Modelling data, vol. II. Technical report CR-114494/D6-30643-VOL2, NASA and The Boeing Company (1970) Google Scholar
  12. 125.
    Heerspink, H.M., Berkouwer, W.R., Stroosma, O., van Paassen, M.M., Mulder, M., Mulder, J.A.: Evaluation of vestibular thresholds for motion detection in the SIMONA research simulator. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA, pp. 1212–1231 (2005) Google Scholar
  13. 144.
    Joosten, D.A., van den Boom, T.J.J., Lombaerts, T.J.J.: Effective control allocation in fault-tolerant flight control using feedback linearization and model predictive control. In: European Control Conference (2007) Google Scholar
  14. 163.
    Lam, T.M., Mulder, M., Van Paassen, M.M., Mulder, J.A.: Comparison of control and display augmentation for perspective flight path displays. J. Guid. Control Dyn. 29, 564–578 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 172.
    Lombaerts, T.J.J., Chu, Q.P., Mulder, J.A., Joosten, D.A.: Real time damaged aircraft model identification for reconfiguring flight control. In: AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference and Exhibit, Hilton Head, SC, USA, pp. 1207–1231 (2007) Google Scholar
  16. 173.
    Lombaerts, T.J.J., Huisman, H.O., Chu, Q.P., Mulder, J.A., Joosten, D.A.: Flight control reconfiguration based on online physical model identification and nonlinear dynamic inversion. In: AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit, Honolulu, HI, USA (2008) Google Scholar
  17. 183.
    Marcos, A., Balas, G.J.: A Boeing 747-100/200 aircraft fault tolerant and diagnostic benchmark. Technical report AEM-UoM-2003-1, Department of Aerospace and Engineering Mechanics, University of Minnesota (2003) Google Scholar
  18. 194.
    Mulder, M., Veldhuijzen, A.R., Van Paassen, M.M., Mulder, J.A.: Integrating fly-by-wire controls with perspective flight path displays. J. Guid. Control Dyn. 28, 1263–1274 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 222.
    Shin, D., Moon, G., Kim, Y.: Design of reconfigurable flight control system using adaptive sliding mode control: actuator fault. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., G J. Aerosp. Eng. 219(4), 321–328 (2005), CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 226.
    Shtessel, Y., Buffington, J., Banda, S.: Tailless aircraft flight control using multiple time scale re-configurable sliding modes. IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol. 10(2), 288–296 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 234.
    Smaili, M.H., Breeman, J., Lombaerts, T.J.J., Joosten, D.A.: A simulation benchmark for integrated fault tolerant flight control evaluation. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference and Exhibit, Keystone, CO, USA, pp. 563–585 (2006) Google Scholar
  22. 242.
    Stroosma, O., Smaili, H., Lombaerts, T., Mulder, J.A.: Piloted simulator evaluation of new fault-tolerant flight control algorithms for reconstructed accident scenarios. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference and Exhibit, Honolulu, HI, USA (2008) Google Scholar
  23. 243.
    Stroosma, O., van Paassen, M.M., Mulder, M.: Using the SIMONA research simulator for human-machine interaction research. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, WA, USA (2003) Google Scholar
  24. 258.
    Valente Pais, A.R., Mulder, M., Van Paassen, M.M., Wentink, M., Groen, E.: Modeling human perceptual thresholds in self-motion perception. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, Keystone, CO, USA, pp. 900–914 (2006) Google Scholar
  25. 261.
    Varga, A.: Design of least order residual generators for fault detection and isolation with application to monitoring actuator/surface faults for a Boeing 747 100/200 aircraft. Technical report DLR IB 515-08-28, DLR, 2008 Google Scholar
  26. 264.
    Vormer, F.J., Mulder, M., Van Paassen, M.M., Mulder, J.A.: Optimization of flexible approach trajectories using a genetic algorithm. J. Aircr. 43, 941–952 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 269.
    Wells, S.R., Hess, R.A.: Multi-input/multi-output sliding mode control for a tailless fighter aircraft. J. Guid. Control Dyn. 26(3), 463–473 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 288.
    Zaal, P.M.T., Nieuwenhuizen, F.M., Mulder, M., Van Paassen, M.M.: Perception of visual and motion cues during control of self-motion in optic flow environments. In: AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, Keystone, CO, USA, pp. 915–932 (2006) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Halim Alwi
    • 1
  • Christopher Edwards
    • 1
  • Chee Pin Tan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  2. 2.School of EngineeringMonash University Sunway CampusBandar SunwayMalaysia

Personalised recommendations