Nanostructured Electrodes and Devices for Converting Carbon Dioxide Back to Fuels: Advances and Perspectives

Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


The production of solar fuels from water and CO2 is an efficient solution to store and use solar energy and reduce the negative effects associated with large volumes of CO2 emissions. In this vision, the liquid fuels produced by recycling CO2 using solar energy are an ideal energy source: easy to store/transport and providing full integration into the existing energy infrastructure. After discussing the possible option to reach this objective, the use of a novel photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) device is analyzed in a more detail. New characteristics of the photoanode and electrocatalyst are required. Some aspects related to the characteristics of nanostructured (a) TiO2 thin films (based on an ordered array of titania nanotubes) and their performances as photoanodes and (b) carbon nanotube-based electrodes for the gas phase reduction of CO2 to liquid fuels (mainly isopropanol) together with their application for the design of a novel photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) approach for the synthesis of solar fuels will be presented.


Liquid Fuel TiO2 Thin Film Photocatalytic Reduction Electrocatalytic Reduction Concentrate Solar Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This paper derives from many discussions we had in the frame of various EU projects (NATAMA, ELCAT, IDECAT) dedicated to this topic, and in the frame of the activities of the European Laboratory of Catalysis and Surface Science (ELCASS) which partners (FHI-MPG, and LMSPC-ECPM-ULP) are gratefully acknowledged. In particular, we are grateful for useful discussions with Prof. R. Schlögl and Dr. D.S. Su (Fritz Haber Institute of Max Plank Gesellschaft, Berlin, Germany) and Prof. R. Lambert (University of Cambridge, U.K.).


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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale ed Ingegneria dei Materiali and CASPE (INSTM Laboratory of Catalysis for Sustainable Production and Energy)Università di MessinaMessinaItaly

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