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Nanostructured Materials for Photolytic Hydrogen Production

  • Jiefang Zhu
  • Dinko Chakarov
  • Michael Zäch
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

A hydrogen economy is often considered an attractive alternative to our current fossil fuel-based energy system. In order for such a hydrogen economy to become reality, several challenges associated with the production, storage, transportation and use of hydrogen must be solved. This chapter addresses the issue of hydrogen production. While the currently most widely used method to produce hydrogen is based on the conversion of fossil fuel resources and does not therefore fulfill the requirement of CO2 neutrality, we discuss here the photolytic production of hydrogen via water splitting. This scheme is based on energy input from the most powerful and ultimately sustainable energy source mankind has at its disposal: the sun. Moreover, no carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, and the method has potential for cost-effective large-scale production.

Keywords

Photocatalytic Activity Hydrogen Production Water Splitting Photogenerated Electron High Photocatalytic Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge financial support by the Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research (Mistra, Dnr 2004-118), Ångpanneföreningen’s Foundation for Research and Development (09-370), the Environmental Foundation of the Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers and N-INNER through the Solar Hydrogen project (P30938-1 Solväte).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials ChemistryUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of Applied PhysicsChalmers University of TechnologyGöteborgSweden

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