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The Use of External Fixation in the Lower Extremity

  • Lawrence A. DiDomenico
  • Bruce H. Ziran
  • Laurence Zachary Cane

Abstract

External fixation has an extensive history that can be traced back to the days of Hippocrates.1 In those days, external fixation consisted of wooden rods tied around a fractured limb acting as a splint. Despite the advances of technology and metallurgy, modern principles of external fixation are still based largely upon its early predecessors.

Keywords

External Fixation Distraction Osteogenesis Stable Base Ankle Arthrodesis Pilon Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence A. DiDomenico
    • 1
  • Bruce H. Ziran
    • 2
  • Laurence Zachary Cane
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryNorthside Medical CenterYoungstownUSA
  2. 2.Department of OrthopedicsSt. Elizabeth HospitalYoungstownUSA
  3. 3.Central Carolina Foot and Ankle AssociatesDurhamUSA

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