Endoscopic Gastrocnemius Recession

  • Lawrence A. DiDomenico
  • Thomas W. Groner
  • Jeffrey A. Szczepanski
  • Amol Saxena


Ankle joint equinus has been well known in the medical literature as a major deforming force connected with an assortment of foot and ankle pathologies. Ankle equinus is defined as a limitation of dorsiflexion at the ankle joint.1,2 Limited ankle dorsiflexion has been defined as less than 3–15° with the knee extended.


Ankle Joint Achilles Tendon Gastrocnemius Muscle Sural Nerve Hallux Valgus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence A. DiDomenico
    • 1
  • Thomas W. Groner
    • 2
  • Jeffrey A. Szczepanski
    • 3
  • Amol Saxena
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryNorthside Medical CenterYoungstownUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryAnkle and Foot Care CenterAllianceUSA
  3. 3.PLLC, Munson Medical CenterTraverse CityUSA
  4. 4.Department of Sports MedicinePAFMG-Palo Alto DivisionPalo AltoUSA

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