Advances in Anterior Ankle and Subtalar Arthroscopy

  • John F. Grady
  • Amol Saxena
  • Audra M. Smith
  • Yelena Boumendjel


Much advancement has been made in ankle arthroscopy. In 1931, Burman concluded the ankle joint was not appropriate for arthroscopy due to its small size.1,2 However, Takagi, in 1982, described a routine method to examine the ankle through arthroscopy.3 Over the years, smaller scopes have been developed that are suitable for the ankle, which has advanced the practice immensely.


Medial Malleolus Subtalar Joint Cannulated Screw Arthroscopic Procedure Arthroscopic Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John F. Grady
    • 1
  • Amol Saxena
    • 2
  • Audra M. Smith
    • 3
  • Yelena Boumendjel
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryFoot and Ankle Institute of IllinoisOak LawnUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sports MedicinePAFMG-Palo Alto DivisionPalo AltoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PodiatryJesse Brown VA Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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