Lymphedema pp 393-397 | Cite as

Historical Background – General Overview

  • Waldemar L. Olszewski


Over the last 200 years, not to mention in more ancient times, the Charles procedure, the buried dermal flap, and the staged subcutaneous excision beneath flaps were the main surgical options for advanced stages of lymphedema of the lower limbs.1-11 Classic operations such as total denuding of the limb down to the fascia and covering with epidermal grafts turned out to be unsatisfactory because of acute infections of the remaining foot skin, epidermal ulcerations, and plasma leakage from the uncovered surfaces. So far, the subcutaneous excision beneath skin flaps has offered the most reliable and consistently beneficial means of surgically decreasing the size of a limb and controlling recurrences of infective episodes, as shown in Fig. 47.1.


Skin Flap Clavulanic Acid Inguinal Lymph Node Tissue Fluid Plasma Leakage 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waldemar L. Olszewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgical Research and TransplantologyMedical Research CentreWarsawPoland

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