Lymphedema pp 105-109 | Cite as

Early Diagnosis in Latent Phase

  • Leigh C. Ward


Lymphedema is typically characterized by the time of onset (staging) and the severity of the symptoms (grading). Various staging schemes have been proposed, but increasingly most use a four-stage scale: stage 0, a latent or subclinical phase when swelling is not evident, although lymphatic insufficiency is presumed; stage I, accumulation of tissue fluid that generally resolves with elevation of the affected limb with minimal swelling (<20% increase); stage II, when elevation fails to reduce a moderate amount of swelling (20–40% increase) and pitting edema is present; and stage III, irreversible, severe (>40% increase) swelling is present and the tissue is fibrotic.


Latent Phase Lymphatic Function Water Displacement Staging Scheme Minimal Detectable Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Statement of Conflict of Interest

L.C. Ward has consulted for ImpediMed Ltd. ImpediMed Ltd. had no involvement, financial or otherwise, in the conception and execution of this study or in the preparation of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leigh C. Ward
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Molecular BiosciencesThe University of QueenslandQueenslandAustralia

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