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Telenursing pp 61-74 | Cite as

Telenursing in Chronic Conditions

  • Takayasu Kawaguchi
  • Masumi Azuma
  • Masae Satoh
  • Yoji Yoshioka
Chapter
Part of the Health Informatics book series (HI)

Abstract

Advances in computer science and information technology (IT) are giving rise to the rapid development of health-care databases and related information systems. The health-care environment is undergoing rapid changes as information systems develop. Disease structure is also changing, from being dominated by acute and chronic infectious diseases to being dominated by lifestyle-related diseases. As the size of the elderly population increases, this change in disease structure is becoming more pronounced. Periods of illness are becoming longer, and an increasing number of people have illnesses or disorders. There are an increasing number of cases in which patients undergo treatment as they go about their regular lives in the community and family. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that an increasing number of people are suffering from chronic diseases worldwide, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes. These disorders will claim the lives of an estimated 35 million people in 2005, representing 60% of all deaths. In such situations, patient health-care needs become more diverse and there is a demand for high-quality health-care services that offer the types and levels of service that can be tailored to meet the needs of individuals.

Keywords

Bulletin Board Disease Structure Chronic Infectious Disease Continuous Nursing Nursing Information 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ANA

American Nurses Association

BMI

Body Mass Index

CBT

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CNAS

College of Nursing Art and Science, Hyogo, JAPAN

e-Japan

Electronic-Japan Strategy

e-mail

Electronic-mail

ICT

Information and Communications Technology

IT

Information Technology

PC

Personal Computer

PHS

Personal Handy-phone System

THA

Total Hip Arthroplasty

WHO

World Health Organization

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to our supervisor, Kenichi Ohta, whose encouragement, guidance, and support from the initial to the final level enabled us to develop an understanding of the subject. Finally, we are also grateful to all who supported us in any way during the completion of the project.

Glossary

Chronic conditions –

Have persistent or recurring health consequences lasting for years. They are illnesses or impairments that cannot be cured. Some of the most prevalent chronic conditions, such as sinusitis or hay fever, are generally not disabling; however, others, such as heart disease and arthritis, can cause significant limitations in people’s ability to perform certain basic activities of daily living (ADLs). Thus, in addition to medical services, people who have chronic conditions often need personal, social, or rehabilitative care over a prolonged period of time. Source: National Academy on an Aging Society (homepage on the Internet). Washington: The Academy; c1999–2009. Chronic conditions: A challenge for the twenty-first century. 1999; 1, November: 2. Available from http://hpi.georgetown.edu/agingsociety/pdfs/chronic.pdf (cited 9 March 2010).

Chronic diseases –

Are non-communicable illnesses that are prolonged in duration, do not resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely. Examples of chronic diseases include heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and arthritis. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (homepage on the Internet). Atlanta: The Centers; c1946–2009. Chronic disease prevention and health promotion: What are chronic diseases? Available from http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/publications/AAG/chronic.htm (updated 24 November 2008; cited 9 March 2009).

Lifestyle-related diseases –

Is the disease group related to lifestyles such as a dietary habits and exercise habits, rest, smoking, and drinking.

e-health –

Electronic-health it is a relatively recent term for health-care practice which is supported by electronic processes and communication

e-hospitals –

Electronic-hospitals it brings learning opportunities to the reach of hospital patients

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takayasu Kawaguchi
    • 1
  • Masumi Azuma
  • Masae Satoh
  • Yoji Yoshioka
  1. 1.Doctoral Program in Nursing Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

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