Teaching Telenursing with the Charles Darwin University Virtual Hospital™
The American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing defines telenursing as “the delivery, management, and coordination of care and services provided via telecommunications technology within the domain of nursing.”1 This ranges from telephone triage, digital imaging for wound management, to electronic discharge planning. Telenursing is not a new field in Australia. In 1912, the Australian Inland Mission established nursing posts where nurses in outback Australia were stationed in remote towns and communities to provide care to the community. This care covered midwifery and the immediate emergency care needs of people suffering from injuries and acute illnesses, and the public health functions of health assessment, immunization, monitoring, and health promotion. By 1929 the Traeger pedal radio was introduced in North Queensland to allow communication between the nursing post and the newly established Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS) physician, thereby establishing the first routine telenursing service (Fig. 2.1). Within the first year, the RFDS had made 50 flights and treated 225 people. By 1934 a radio was installed in the aircraft allowing communication to be maintained with the ground. This heralded the first telenursing consultation with the physician in flight from a nurse at the remote town of Innaminka.8 Today telenursing is widespread.
KeywordsWound Care Mental Health Nursing Telephone Triage Nursing Post Public Health Function
Charles Darwin University
Royal Flying Doctor Service
Charles Darwin University Virtual Hospital™
To adjust or determine by comparison to a standard.
Using case studies for learning.
A decision tree to assist with clinical decision making.
The delivery of factual information to the student.
Taking digital photographs.
A model of teaching that allocates students into groups to work on activities called enquiries.
Electronic library holdings.
A mode of study where students do not meet face-to-face with the lecturer.
A type of assessment that assesses incremental development of learning.
An educational method in which learning takes place through discoveries made through investigations made by the student.
A mannequin that is engineered or designed to model a person as closely as possible.
A drawing tool that is controlled by a computer mouse.
Simulation activities that respond to the student’s decisions or choices and allow for alternate choices or decisions to be made.
Elements that are used in teaching; can be physical, audio, video, or a suite of activities.
The explicit outcomes that students are required to achieve from a course of study.
The initial Internet screen that the user puts their username and password into to allow access.
The delivery of educational materials via the Internet.
The opening page of an Internet website used for education.
A model of teaching that gives students problems to investigate and solve.
A method of creating a learning environment or activity that models real life.
Providing initial assessment of the patient by telephone.
A window into the emergency department of a hospital that is manned by a nurse who makes the initial assessment of the patient.
- 1.American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN). Telehealth, http://www.aaacn.org/cgi-bin/WebObjects/AAACNMain. 2010.
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