Patellofemoral Allografts

  • Robert A. Teitge
  • Roger Torga-Spak


If the articular cartilage has been lost and osteoarthritis develops, two alternatives are available: (1) restoration of the normal extra-articular anatomy and stability, and (2) replacement of the articular cartilage. Options for articular cartilage replacement are biologic or prosthetic.


Articular Cartilage Osteochondral Allograft Median Parapatellar Approach Chondrocyte Viability Continuous Passive Motion Machine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1.  1.
    Aubin PP, Cheah HK, Davis AM, et al. Long-term followup of fresh femoral osteochondral allografts for posttraumatic knee defects. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001;391:318-327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2.  2.
    Bugbee WD, Convery FR. Osteochondral allograft transplantation. Clin Sports Med. 1999;18:67-75.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3.  3.
    Garrett JC. Fresh osteochondral allografts for treatment of articular defects in osteochondritis dissecans of the lateral femoral condyle in adults. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1994;303:33-37.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4.  4.
    Gross AE. Repair of cartilage defects in the knee. J Knee Surg. 2002;15:167-169.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5.  5.
    Langer F, Gross AE. Immunogenicity of allograft articular cartilage. J Bone Joint Surg. 1974;56:297-304.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6.  6.
    Langer F, Gross A. The clinical and immunological assessment of frozen bone allografts. Acta Med Pol. 1978;19:271-275.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7.  7.
    Oakeshott RD, Farine I, Pritzker KP, et al. A clinical and histologic analysis of failed fresh osteochondral allografts. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988;233:283-294.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8.  8.
    Rodrigo JJ, Thompson E, Travis C. Deep-freezing versus 4 degrees preservation of avascular osteocartilaginous shell allografts in rats. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1987;218:268-275.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9.  9.
    Shelton WR, Treacy SH, Dukes AD, et al. Use of allografts in knee reconstruction: I. basic science aspects and current status. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 1998;6:165-168.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stevenson S, Dannucci GA, Sharkey NA, et al. The fate of articular cartilage after transplantation of fresh and cryopreserved tissue-antigen-matched and mismatched osteoch­ondral allografts in dogs. J Bone Joint Surg. 1989;71: 1297-1307.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Williams RJ III, Dreese JC, Chen CT. Chondrocyte survival and material properties of hypothermically stored cartilage: an evaluation of tissue used for osteochondral allograft transplantation. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32:132-139.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Williams SK, Amiel D, Ball ST. Prolonged storage effects on the articular cartilage of fresh human osteochondral allografts. J Bone Joint Surg. 2003;85:2111-2120.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryInstituto Universitario CEMICBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations