Computational Models for Investigating the Patellofemoral Joint: Clinical Relevance

  • John J. Elias
  • Andrew J. Cosgarea


Computational models of the patellofemoral joint are commonly utilized to characterize patellofemoral kinematics, areas of contact, and pressure applied to patellofemoral cartilage. Computational models can provide enhanced display of patellofemoral kinematics by graphically recreating motions performed by subjects. The reconstructed motions are typically highly accurate, but studies can be limited by the imaging requirements and the recruitment of subjects. Graphical models of joint anatomy can also be combined with mathematical representations of the soft tissues surrounding the joint to predict the desired output. These models provide more flexibility for parametric studies focused on the influence of surgical and nonsurgical treatment methods on patellofemoral biomechanics, but the mathematical approximations raise concerns about accuracy. Thorough validation is required for these models.


Patella Tendon Flexion Angle Quadriceps Muscle Tibial Tuberosity Patellofemoral Joint 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Calhoun Research Lab, Akron General Medical CenterAkronUSA

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