Skeletal Malalignment and Anterior Knee Pain: Rationale, Diagnosis, and Management



Any variation from optimal skeletal alignment may increase the vector forces acting on the patellofemoral joint causing either ligament failure with subsequent subluxation or cartilage failure as in chondromalacia or arthrosis or both ligament and cartilage failure (Fig. 14.1). Anterior knee pain may result from these abnormal forces or their consequences.


Tibial Tuberosity Anterior Knee Pain Patellofemoral Joint Trochlear Dysplasia Trochlear Groove 
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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryInstituto Universitario CEMICBuenos AiresArgentina

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