Prevention of Infective Endocarditis (Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis)
It is thought to result from formation of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (platelets and fibrin) on the surface of a valve or endothelial surface from mechanical disruption or inflammation, bacteremia, bacterial adherence to the fibrin–platelet matrix, and proliferation of the bacteria within the vegetation.
KeywordsInfective Endocarditis Rheumatic Heart Disease Mitral Valve Prolapse Cardiac Condition Antimicrobial Prophylaxis
- 1.Oliver R, Roberts GJ, Hooper L, Worthington HV. Antibiotics for the prophylaxis of bacterial endocarditis in dentistry. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008; (4):CD003813.Google Scholar
- 2.Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, et al. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Circulation. 2007;116(15):1736-1754.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 3.Habib G, Hoen B, Tornos P, et al. Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis (new version 2009): the task force on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infective endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 2009;30(19):2369-2413.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar