Pain Management

  • Darin J. Correll


Pain is often the most common presenting or associated symptom in hospitalized patients, and patients are frequently more concerned about being in pain than they are about the primary reason for being in the hospital. Outcome benefits from improved pain control vary depending on the patient population and modality used. Epidural anesthesia and analgesia can lead to benefits in terms of cardiovascular and respiratory complications in high-risk patients as well as benefits in terms of gastrointestinal and hematological outcomes. Other modalities, such as intravenous patient-controlled analgesia, may improve pulmonary complications.


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Respiratory Depression Motion Sickness Acute Setting Present Pain Intensity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology, Preoperative and Pain MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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