Advertisement

Anemia and Bleeding

  • Kurt Pfeifer
  • Barbara Slawski
Chapter

Abstract

Postoperative anemia is common, and most often due to surgical blood loss. Perioperative anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication administration is one of the most common reasons for postoperative bleeding. However, anemia and bleeding may result from a variety of other postoperative care-related and patient-specific factors. Prompt evaluation is necessary to determine potential causes and appropriate treatment.

Keywords

Tranexamic Acid Fresh Freeze Plasma Platelet Transfusion Hemophilia Patient Surgical Blood Loss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Dunne JR, Malone D, Tracy JK, et al. Perioperative anemia: an independent risk factor for infection, mortality, and resource utilization in surgery. J Surg Res. 2002;102(2):237-244.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rosencher N, Kerkkamp HE, Macheras G, et al. OSTHEO Investigation. Orthopedic Surgery Transfusion Hemoglobin European Overview (OSTHEO) study: blood management in elective knee and hip arthroplasty in Europe. Transfusion. 2003;43(4):459-469.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schafer M, Lauper M, Krahenbuhl L. A nation’s experience of bleeding complications during laparoscopy. Am J Surg. 2000;180(1):73-77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thavendiranathan P, Bagai A, Ebidia A, et al. Do blood tests cause anemia in hospitalized patients? The effect of diagnostic phlebotomy on hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(6):520-554.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pottgiesser T, Specker W, Umhau M, et al. Recovery of hemoglobin mass after blood donation. Transfusion. 2008;48(7):1390-1397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hebert PC, Wells G, Blajchman MA, et al. A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. Transfusion Requirements in Critical Care Investigators, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1999;340:409-417.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Carson JL, et al. Transfusion trigger trial for functional outcomes in cardiovascular patients undergoing surgical hip fracture repair (FOCUS): the principle results. American Society of Hematology Meeting 2009, New Orleans; Abstract LBA-6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.General Internal MedicineMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

Personalised recommendations