Substance Abuse

  • Nadene C. Fair
  • Howard S. Smith


The following are consensus definitions recognized by the American Academy of Pain Medicine, American Pain Society, and American Society of Addiction Medicine:


Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Urine Drug Screen Sympathetic Overactivity Risk Drinking American Pain Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineMorehouse School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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