Chronic Kidney Disease



The estimated prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) (Table 26.1) is 23.2 million or 11.5% of the U.S. adult population1 and millions of patients with renal dysfunction have surgery each year.


Chronic Kidney Disease Acute Kidney Injury Obstructive Jaundice Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineBaystate Medical Center/Tufts University School of MedicineSpringfieldUSA

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