In the past, HIV was often detected late in the disease course and management consisted primarily of treating associated opportunistic infections. With better surveillance and the development of more effective antiretroviral medications with fewer toxic side effects, HIV is in many ways now viewed as a chronic illness requiring long-term management. Despite these advances, an estimated 21% of HIV-infected individuals are unaware of their infection.1 More attention has therefore been focused on identifying these individuals through screening and targeted testing.


Viral Load Opportunistic Infection Adrenal Insufficiency Elevated Viral Load High Postoperative Complication Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San Francisco General HospitalSan FranciscoUSA

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