Pulmonary Disease

  • Steven L. Cohn


Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are a major source of morbidity among patients undergoing surgery and occur as often as cardiac complications. Although not necessarily having as high mortality, PPCs are more likely to be associated with an increased hospital length of stay and higher costs than postoperative cardiac complications.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Obstructive Sleep Apnea Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Inspiratory Muscle Training Neuraxial Blockade 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Qaseem A, Snow V, Fitterman N, et al. Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians. Risk assessment for and strategies to reduce perioperative pulmonary complications for patients undergoing noncardiothoracic surgery: a guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(8):575-580.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smetana GW, Lawrence VA, Cornell JE. American College of Physicians. Preoperative pulmonary risk stratification for noncardiothoracic surgery: systematic review for the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(8):581-595.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lawrence VA, Cornell JE, Smetana GW. American College of Physicians. Strategies to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications after noncardiothoracic surgery: systematic review for the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(8):596-608.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chung F, Yegneswaran B, Liao P, et al. STOP questionnaire: a tool to screen patients for obstructive sleep apnea. Anesthesiology. 2008;108(5):812-821.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bapoje SR, Whitaker JF, Schulz T, et al. Preoperative evaluation of the patient with pulmonary disease. Chest. 2007;132(5):1637-1645.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Arozullah AM, Daley J, Henderson WG, Khuri SF. Multifactorial risk index for predicting postoperative respiratory failure in men after major noncardiac surgery. The National Veterans Administration Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Ann Surg. 2000;232:242.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Arozullah AM, Khuri SF, Henderson WG, et al. Development and validation of a multifactorial risk index for predicting postoperative pneumonia after major noncardiac surgery. Ann Intern Med. 2001;135:847.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Johnson RG, Arozullah AM, Neumayer L, et al. Multivariable predictors of postoperative respiratory failure after general and vascular surgery: results from the patient safety in surgery study. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;204(6):1188-1198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Arozullah AM, Conde MV, Lawrence VA. Preoperative evaluation for postoperative pulmonary complications. Med Clin North Am. 2003;87:153-173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Internal Medicine-Medical Consultation ServiceSUNY Downstate - Kings County Hospital CenterBrooklynUSA

Personalised recommendations