Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are a major source of morbidity among patients undergoing surgery and occur as often as cardiac complications. Although not necessarily having as high mortality, PPCs are more likely to be associated with an increased hospital length of stay and higher costs than postoperative cardiac complications.
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Obstructive Sleep Apnea Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Inspiratory Muscle Training Neuraxial Blockade
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