Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in the nation. More than 21% of US adults currently report physician-diagnosed arthritis, a prevalence expected to increase in the future (67 million affected adults by 2030). In 2007, it was estimated that 270,000 primary total hip replacements and 507,000primary total knee replacements were performed in the US, with projections for the future estimated to increase to over 500,000 hip and 3 million knee replacements by 2030. As many of these patients are elderly and have other chronic medical conditions, orthopedic surgery will remain an important challenge in perioperative medicine.
KeywordsAnkylose Spondylitis Total Joint Replacement Disc Replacement Major Orthopedic Surgery Acute Confusional State
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