Vascular surgery patients are a high-risk group of patients associated with increased incidence of perioperative cardiac complications. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with increased risk for vascular disease elsewhere, and these patients typically have a high prevalence of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal disease Renal insufficiency.
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Obstructive Sleep Apnea Peripheral Arterial Disease Carotid Endarterectomy Abdominal Aneurysm
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