e-Science, the Way Leading to Modernization of Sciences and Technologies: e-Science Practice and Thought in Chinese Academy of Sciences
This chapter mainly introduces our understanding and practice of e-Science in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. We present the current situation of the information infrastructure from five aspects including digital network and communication infrastructure, high performance computing environment, scientific data environment, digital library, and virtual laboratory. In terms of e-Science applications, we focus on an e-Science application conducted in Qinghai Lake region to show how various information and communication technologies can be employed to facilitate the scientific research, providing an infrastructure for protecting wildlife and ecological environment and decision-making. We have realized that e-Science is the way leading to the next-generation scientific research, and we have been promoting e-Science practice and application systematically. By e-Science, to easy Science.
KeywordsAvian Influenza Digital Library Avian Influenza Virus Information Infrastructure Joint Research Center
Funding was provided by the Fund of President of CAS, Fund of Director of CNIC, and Special Project of Informatization of Chinese Academy of Sciences in “the Eleventh 5-Year Plan”, e-Science Application of Research on Resources, Disease Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Important Wild Birds in the Qinghai Lake Region under Grant No. INFO-115-D02, Special Project of Informatization of Chinese Academy of Sciences in “the Eleventh 5-Year Plan,” Basic Databases of Joint Research Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve under Grant No. INFO-115-C01-SDB2-02 and the National Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 90912006. We extend our gratitude to the staff of the Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve and Professor Lei Fumin, Professor Li Tianxian, Professor Ma Juncai, Professor Guo Shan, Professor Zhang Yaonan, and all other members of research groups that participated in research activities in the Qinghai Lake region. We thank Dr. John Y. Takekawa and Dr. Diann J. Prosser of USGS, and Scott Newman of FAO for supporting research in the Qinghai Lake region. We thank Dr. Yang Xiaoyu of University of Southampton, UK for providing constructive suggestions to the manuscript.
Any use of trade, product, or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purpose only and does not imply endorsement by the P. R. China government.
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