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Osteoarthritis

  • Maurice Barry

Abstract

  • Common chronic joint condition. Primarily a disease of cartilage

  • Increasing evidence of inflammation in early osteoarthritis

  • The clinical hallmark is bony swelling of the affected join

  • Distinct pattern of joint involvement in primary OA:
    • distal interphalangeal joints (Heberden’s nodes)

    • PIP joints (Bouchard’s)

    • 1st carpometacarpal joint (CMC) — thumb base pain — pain taking lids off jars, turning on taps

    • acromioclavicular joint (AC) — tip of shoulder pain

    • hip — pain in groin and anteromedial thigh

    • knee (patello-femoral and tibio-femoral)

    • 1st metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP)

  • Secondary OA can occur at site of previous trauma or inflammation. Therefore OA affecting unusual sites e.g. MCP, wrist, elbow, glenohumeral joint, ankle — may need investigation to rule out secondary causes, e.g. pyrophosphate arthropathy

  • Cervical and lumbar spondylosis = OA of spine — affects facet joints predominantly. Associated vertebral osteophytes and disc space narrowing

Keywords

Hyaluronic Acid Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Acromioclavicular Joint Distal Interphalangeal Joint Early Osteoarthritis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice Barry
    • 1
  1. 1.James Connolly Memorial HospitalDublinIreland

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