A Paradigm for Energy and Transportation System Surety in the 21st Century

  • John M. Covan
Conference paper


The petroleum industry began in August, 1859 with the drilling of a well by Edwin Drake near Titusville, Pennsylvania. In less than two centuries since then the world has become addicted to the use of oil and other ancient hydrocarbons (coal and natural gas), drawing down at an unprecedented pace what biological processes took millions of years to sequester. That this practice cannot continue unabated is clear from the finiteness of ancient hydrocarbon resources. Although alternate sources of energy—solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear—completely avoid hydrocarbon burning, these substances, whether ancient or newly generated, will always be needed as feedstock for chemical industries.


Safe Haven Surety Requirement Corporate Memory Unprecedented Pace Emergent Threat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Covan J. and Ekman M. A business-oriented approach to achieving system surety, Proceedings of 20th International System Safety Conference, Denver, Colorado, August 5-9, 2002Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fisher R. and Peerenboom J. Interdependencies: A DOE Perspective, 16th Annual Security Technology Symposium & Exhibition, Session IV: Infrastructure Interdependencies: The Long Pole in the Tent. Williamsburg, Virginia, June 28, 2000Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Covan J. and Cooper J. Maintaining surety for high consequence systems, Proceedings of 19th International System Safety Conference, Huntsville, Alabama, September 10-14, 2001Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kletz T. Lessons from disaster. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 1993Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cullen, W. The public inquiry into the piper alpha disaster. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London, 1990Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Covan
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA

Personalised recommendations