Can Artificial Intelligence Be Safe?

  • Odd Nordland
Conference paper


Artificial intelligence is a concept that has existed for centuries, although the term itself was first coined in 1955 [1]. The concept referred to machines that displayed a behaviour that appeared to require intelligence, and with modern computing, it became possible to create machines whose behaviour was the result of a complex analytical process. In particular, systems that are capable of receiving feedback from their previous behaviour and modifying their reactions to the same kind of input (stimuli) appear to be using intelligence and“learning from their mistakes”.


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    McCarthy J, Minsky M.L, Rochester N, Shannon C.E. A Proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence. August, 1955Google Scholar
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    van Wijngaarden (Editor), Mailloux B.J, Peck J.E.L, Koster C.H.A. Final draft report on the algorithmic language ALGOL 68. Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam. December 1968Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    IEC 61508: 1998. Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety related systems.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    EN 50128: 2001. Railway Applications — Software for railway control and protection systems.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Odd Nordland
    • 1
  1. 1.SINTEF Telecom and InformaticsTrondheimNorway

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