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A Quantitative Risk Analysis Model of Scenarios Characterised by Explosion Fragments and Missiles

  • Giuseppe Maschio
  • Domenica Cambria
  • Roberto Lisi
  • Maria Francesca Milazzo
Conference paper

Abstract

The Directive 96/82/EC on the control of major accidents, known as “Seveso-II”, led to important innovations in the safety requirements of process plants. Some aspects have great scientific and technological implications: e.g. the “domino effect”. Concerning the Domino Effect, in this paper, a model for the prediction of the projection of fragments following explosions in pipes and vessel has been developed, it permits the prediction of the number and initial speed of projectile fragments. The model has been validated through comparison with an incident that happened in 1993 in a Sicilian refinery.

Keywords

Blast Wave Domino Effect Vessel Volume Primary Fragment Major Accident 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Centre for Chemical Process Safety, CCPS, Guidelines fo r chemical process quantitative risk analysis, AIChE, New York, 2000.Google Scholar
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    Baker W.E. et al. Explosion hazards and evaluation. Elsevier, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
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    Baum M.R. Rupture of a gas-pressurised cylindrical vessel: the velocity of a detached end-cap. Elsevier, 1985, 8: 149–161.Google Scholar
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    Lees F.P. Loss prevention in the process industries. Butterwoth Heineman, UK, 1996.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Maschio
    • 1
  • Domenica Cambria
    • 1
  • Roberto Lisi
    • 1
  • Maria Francesca Milazzo
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale ed Ingegneria dei MaterialiUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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