Tunnel Safety: two Approaches to consider Risks in Freight Railway Tunnels

  • Nils Rosmuller
  • Ben Ale
Conference paper


Tunnel safety can be assessed using probabilistic and deterministic approaches. Both approaches have been applied to the tunnels of the Betuwe-line, a new railway line under construction. The conclusions that result from the analyses for these tunnels differ with regard to the need for ventilation, sprinklers and heat protection coatings. These differences in outcomes are analysed and potential resolutions are discussed.


Deterministic Approach Safe Area Pool Fire Fatality Risk External Risk 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nils Rosmuller
    • 1
  • Ben Ale
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Fire Service and Disaster Management (Nibra)ArnhemThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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