A method for the estimation of casualties caused by accidents in tunnels

  • S. N. Jonkman
Conference paper


The first results of a study on the estimation of casualties caused by tunnel accidents are presented. A conceptual model is described, in which the development physical effects, the escape behaviour of persons in the tunnel, and the injury criteria are related to each other. The approach is demonstrated in a case study.


Computational Fluid Dynamics Escape Behaviour Escape Velocity Injury Criterion Road Tunnel 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Jonkman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DivisionCentre for Tunnel SafetyRijkswaterstaat, UtrechtNetherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Civil Engineering, Section of Hydraulic EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftNetherlands

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