Underground Fire Risk Assessment Study for a modern Metro System: Integrated Methodology and Application to a Case Study
The design issues and more in general the processes that drive the evolution of fire emergencies in the underground portion of metro systems are complex and interdependent. Key factors that contribute to the mitigation of this risk, if properly addressed, include the fire load of the vehicle, the design of the evacuationIaccess routes for passengersIrescue team, the design of the ventilation system and of other systems involved during the emergency (fireIsmoke detection, fire suppressionIfighting, communications, etc.) as well as the definition of clear and effective emergency procedures to be followed by passengers and metro staff.
KeywordsComputational Fluid Dynamics Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation Fire Detection Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis Tenable Condition
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.NFPA 72, “National Fire Alarm Code”, 1999 EditionGoogle Scholar
- 2.NFPA 130, “Standard for fixed guideway transit and passenger rail systems”, 2000 EditionGoogle Scholar
- 3.“Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3), User’s Guide”, Technical Report NISTIR 6784, 2002 Edition, National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGoogle Scholar
- 4.“Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3), Technical Reference Guide”, Technical Report NISTIR 6783, 2002 Edition, National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGoogle Scholar