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Underground Fire Risk Assessment Study for a modern Metro System: Integrated Methodology and Application to a Case Study

  • Andrea Raffetti
  • Gian Francesco D’Addio
  • Beniamino Faragona
Conference paper

Abstract

The design issues and more in general the processes that drive the evolution of fire emergencies in the underground portion of metro systems are complex and interdependent. Key factors that contribute to the mitigation of this risk, if properly addressed, include the fire load of the vehicle, the design of the evacuationIaccess routes for passengersIrescue team, the design of the ventilation system and of other systems involved during the emergency (fireIsmoke detection, fire suppressionIfighting, communications, etc.) as well as the definition of clear and effective emergency procedures to be followed by passengers and metro staff.

Keywords

Computational Fluid Dynamics Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation Fire Detection Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis Tenable Condition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    NFPA 72, “National Fire Alarm Code”, 1999 EditionGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    NFPA 130, “Standard for fixed guideway transit and passenger rail systems”, 2000 EditionGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    “Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3), User’s Guide”, Technical Report NISTIR 6784, 2002 Edition, National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    “Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3), Technical Reference Guide”, Technical Report NISTIR 6783, 2002 Edition, National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Raffetti
    • 1
  • Gian Francesco D’Addio
    • 1
  • Beniamino Faragona
    • 1
  1. 1.D’AppoloniaGenoaItaly

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