Loss-of-Life Modelling in Risk Acceptance Criteria

  • Albrecht Lentz
  • Rüdiger Rackwitz


When questioning whether the risk a structure poses to society is acceptable, socio-economic, demographic and hazard-related aspects have to be considered. The hazard aspect comprises two phenomena, one of which is the probability of a failure, well described by reliability theory. The second one is the expected loss of human life on occasion of such a failure. The current paper seeks to point out the common traits in existing loss-of-life estimation models dealing with — as it seems — entirely differently structured event types, such as dam failure, fire and earthquake-induced building collapse. A general conceptual and methodological basis is developed.


Crude Mortality Flood Wave 10th World Conf Attempt Escape Probabilistic Safety Assessment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albrecht Lentz
    • 1
  • Rüdiger Rackwitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Baustoffe und KonstruktionTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany

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