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Loss-of-Life Modelling in Risk Acceptance Criteria

  • Albrecht Lentz
  • Rüdiger Rackwitz

Abstract

When questioning whether the risk a structure poses to society is acceptable, socio-economic, demographic and hazard-related aspects have to be considered. The hazard aspect comprises two phenomena, one of which is the probability of a failure, well described by reliability theory. The second one is the expected loss of human life on occasion of such a failure. The current paper seeks to point out the common traits in existing loss-of-life estimation models dealing with — as it seems — entirely differently structured event types, such as dam failure, fire and earthquake-induced building collapse. A general conceptual and methodological basis is developed.

Keywords

Crude Mortality Flood Wave 10th World Conf Attempt Escape Probabilistic Safety Assessment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albrecht Lentz
    • 1
  • Rüdiger Rackwitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Baustoffe und KonstruktionTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany

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