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Developments in HRA Technology from Nuclear to Aerospace

  • Anthony J. Spurgin
  • M. V. Frank

Abstract

The development of human reliability assessment (HRA) has primarily has been associated with the nuclear industry over the last twenty years or so. Over the years, investigations of plant incidents have indicted that humans play a much bigger role in accident initiation and progression. The perception of the contribution of humans to risk in the nuclear industry has increased from about 15% to nearer to 60% to 70%. We expect that high-risk industries such as the space industry will reflect a similar human contribution to overall risk.

Keywords

International Space Station Nuclear Regulatory Commission Quality Descriptor Probabilistic Risk Assessment Probabilistic Safety Assessment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Spurgin, A.J. 2000, “Experience with the Decision Tree Method for Several Applications,” Proceedings of the 5th PSAM Conference, Osaka, Japan.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Futron Corporation, 2002, “International Space Station Probabilistic Risk Assessment”, Futron Corporation Maryland, USAGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Swain, A.D., 1987, “Accident Sequence Evaluation program human reliability Procedure”, NUREG/CR-4772, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, USA.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Embrey, D.E., et al., 1984, “SLIM-MAUD: An approach to assessing human error probabilities using structured expert judgment,” NUREG/CR-3518, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Spurgin, A.J. & B.O.Y. Lydell, 2002, “Critique of Current Human Reliability Analysis Methods,” IEEE 7th Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony J. Spurgin
    • 1
  • M. V. Frank
    • 2
  1. 1.Independent ConsultantSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Safety Factor Associates, Inc.EncinitasUSA

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