Developments in HRA Technology from Nuclear to Aerospace

  • Anthony J. Spurgin
  • M. V. Frank


The development of human reliability assessment (HRA) has primarily has been associated with the nuclear industry over the last twenty years or so. Over the years, investigations of plant incidents have indicted that humans play a much bigger role in accident initiation and progression. The perception of the contribution of humans to risk in the nuclear industry has increased from about 15% to nearer to 60% to 70%. We expect that high-risk industries such as the space industry will reflect a similar human contribution to overall risk.


International Space Station Nuclear Regulatory Commission Quality Descriptor Probabilistic Risk Assessment Probabilistic Safety Assessment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony J. Spurgin
    • 1
  • M. V. Frank
    • 2
  1. 1.Independent ConsultantSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Safety Factor Associates, Inc.EncinitasUSA

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