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Epidemiology of Osteoporotic Fractures

  • Elaine Dennison
  • Cyrus Cooper

Summary

  • Osteoporosis is associated with fragility fractures, particularly of the hip, spine, and distal forearm.

  • The lifetime risk of a fragility fracture is 50% among women and 20% among men aged 50 years.

  • Wide variation in fracture rate occurs between and within populations, reflecting genetic and environmental risk factors.

  • Vertebral fracture is a risk factor for further vertebral fractures and, to a lesser degree, hip and other fractures.

  • While fracture rates are beginning to stabilize in western populations, they continue to rise in Asia.

Keywords

Vertebral Fracture Osteoporotic Fracture Fragility Fracture Proximal Humerus Vertebral Deformity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Further Reading

  1. Black DM, Arden NK, Palermo L, Pearson J, Cummings SR (1999) Prevalent vertebral deformities predict hip fractures and new vertebral deformities but not wrist fractures. J Bone Miner Res 14: 821–828.Google Scholar
  2. Consensus Development Conference (1991) Prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int 1: 114–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cuddihy MT, Gabriel SE, Crowson CS, O’Fallon WM, Melton LJ 3rd (1999) Forearm fractures as predictors of subsequent osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporos Int 9: 469–475.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Cummings SR, Black DM, Nevitt MC, et al. (1993) Bone density at various sites for prediction of hip fractures. Lancet 341: 72–75.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ross PD, Davis JW, Epstein R, Wasnich RD (1991) Pre-existing fractures and bone mass predict vertebral fracture incidence. Ann Intern Med 114: 919–923.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. World Health Organization (1994) Assessment of fracture risk and its application to screening for postmenopausal osteoporosis. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 843: 1–129.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine Dennison
  • Cyrus Cooper

There are no affiliations available

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