Nonlinear Model Predictive Control
In general, industrial processes are nonlinear, but, as has been shown in this book, most MPC applications are based on the use of linear models. There are two main reasons for this: on one hand, the identification of a linear model based on process data is relatively easy and, on the other hand, linear models provide good results when the plant is operating in the neighbourhood of the operating point. In the process industries, where linear MPC is widespread, the objective is to keep the process around the stationary state rather than perform frequent changes from one operation point to another and, therefore, a precise linear model is enough. Besides, the use of a linear model together with a quadratic objective function gives rise to a convex problem (Quadratic Programming) whose solution is well studied with many commercial products available. The existence of algorithms that can guarantee a convergent solution in a time shorter than the sampling time is crucial in processes where a great number of variables appear.
KeywordsNonlinear Model Sequential Quadratic Programming Prediction Horizon Volterra Model Hammerstein Model
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