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Deep Blue Establishes Historic Landmark

  • Monty Newborn
Chapter

Abstract

On May 11, 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue stunned the world when it defeated the best human chess player – possibly the best human chess player ever! – on planet Earth, Garry Kasparov, in the final game of their six-game Rematch, thereby winning the match by a 3.5–2.5 score. The victory gave Deep Blue the right to call itself the world’s best chess player. But was the claim legitimate? Was Deep Blue really better than Kasparov? Was the victory a one-time fluke? Would Kasparov – or one of his kind – set the record straight in the coming months or years? We’ll see in the following chapters. But first, let’s review Deep Blue’s two matches with Kasparov beginning with its victory in the Rematch.

Keywords

Chess Player Poker Player World Champion Final Game White Piece 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggest Readings

  1. Michael Khodarkovsky and Leonid Shamkovich’s book entitled “A New Era; How Garry Kasparov Changed the World of Chess,” Foreword by Garry Kasparov, Ballantine Books, New York in 1997. Games from both matches are analyzed.Google Scholar
  2. David Goodman and Raymond Keene’s book entitled “Man Versus Machine, Kasparov Versus Deep Blue,” Foreword by Patrick Wolff, H3 Publications, Cambridge, Mass., 1997. Games from both matches are analyzed.Google Scholar
  3. Raymond Keene and Bryan Jacob’s book entitled “Man v Machine: The ACM Chess Challenge; Garry Kasparov v IBM’s Deep Blue,” (with Tony Buzan), B. B. Enterprises, Sussex in 1996. Games from the ACM Chess Challenge are analyzed.Google Scholar
  4. Daniel King’s book entitled “Kasparov v Deeper Blue: The Ultimate Man v Machine Challenge,” including an interview with Kasparov, published by Batsford, London, 1997. Games 1, 2 from the ACM Chess Challenge are analyzed as are the games from the Rematch. Games 3–6 of the ACM Chess Challenge are only briefly considered.Google Scholar
  5. Bruce Pandolfini’s book entitled “Kasparov and Deep Blue; The Historic Match Between Man and Machine,” Simon and Schuster, 1997. Games from the Rematch are analyzed. Games from the ACM Chess Challenge only have their moves listed.Google Scholar
  6. Monty Newborn, “Kasparov Versus Deep Blue: Computer Chess Comes of Age,” and “Deep Blue: An Artificial Intelligence Milestone.” The first book appeared after the ACM Chess Challenge and the second after the Rematch.Google Scholar
  7. Yasser Seirawan, “The Kasparov – Deep Blue Match.” International Computer Chess Association Journal, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 41–57, March 1996. The games from the ACM Chess Challenge are analyzed.Google Scholar
  8. Yasser Seirawan, “The Kasparov – Deep Blue Games.” International Computer Chess Association Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 102–125, June 1997. The games from the Rematch are analyzed.Google Scholar
  9. Bruce Weber, “Saturday is D-day for Kasparov,” The New York Times, May 10, 1997.Google Scholar
  10. Garry Kasarov, “My 1997 experience with Deep Blue,” ICCA Journal, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 45–51, March 1998.Google Scholar
  11. Open letter from Feng-hsiung Hsu http://www.chesscenter.com/twic/feng.html

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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