Accident causes during repair and maintenance activities and managerial measures effectiveness
This paper presents the results of a large scale research in industry operations that recorded the causes of incidents during repair and maintenance activities and the effectiveness of the implementation of managerial measures in order to prevent them; the residual risk for the same activities is also mentioned. The chain-event mechanism is briefly analysed and a new contributing behavioural factor, the unsafe mentality bonding is briefly explained. An updated table of all incident causes that comprise the chain-event mechanism is presented. The potential incident scenarios were linked to three categories of managerial root causes and namely lack of (a) health and safety system, (b) communication and (c) enforcement. A brief description of the research arithmology and methodology is followed by the results. The research revealed that during repair and maintenance the main employee-related accident causes activities are the lack of housekeeping, unexpected machinery start, the use of defective hardware, safety rules violation and bantering while the main supervisorrelated causes were hastiness, familiarization with danger and insufficient job specifications. The managerial causes were analysed not only independently but in combination and were linked to corresponding measures. The most effective managerial measure proved to be enforcement which in combination with the development of a health and safety system could reduce potential incidents in repair and maintenance activities to half.
KeywordsSafety System Maintenance Activity Risk Assessment Study Unsafe Behaviour Potential Incident
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