Bridging Scales Analysis of Wave Propagation in Heterogeneous Structures with Imperfections

  • Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan
  • Massimo Ruzzene
  • Sathyanarayana Hanagud
Part of the Springer Series in Reliability Engineering book series (RELIABILITY)


The analysis of wave propagation has been extensively used as a tool for non destructive evaluation of structural components. The numerical analysis of wavefield in damaged media can be useful to investigate the problem theoretically and to support the interpretation of experimental measurements. A finite element analysis of non homogeneous media can be computationally very expensive, especially when a fine mesh is required to properly model the geometric and/or material discontinuities that are characteristic of the damaged areas. The computational cost associated with wave propagation simulations motivates the development of the simplified damage models presented in  Chaps. 6 and  7. This chapter presents a different approach whereby the computational cost is reduced through a multi-scale analysis. A coarse mesh is employed to capture the macroscopic behavior of the structure, and a refined mesh is limited to the small region around the discontinuity. The co-existence of two scales in the model is handled through the application of proper bridging relations between the two scales, and the generation of interaction forces at the interfaces according to the Bridging Scales Method. This technique allows a coarse description of the global behavior of the structure while simultaneously obtaining local information regarding the interaction of propagating waves with a localized discontinuity in the domain. Time and frequency domain formulations of the Bridging Scales Method are illustrated through examples on simulations of 1D and 2D waveguides.


Coarse Scale Total Mechanical Energy Spurious Reflection Stiff Inclusion Symmetric Complex Linear System 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan
    • 1
  • Massimo Ruzzene
    • 2
  • Sathyanarayana Hanagud
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.School of Aerospace Engineering, School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.School of Aerospace EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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