Computational Techniques for Damage Detection, Classification and Quantification

  • Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan
  • Massimo Ruzzene
  • Sathyanarayana Hanagud
Part of the Springer Series in Reliability Engineering book series (RELIABILITY)


This chapter presents an overview of techniques used to analyze the dynamic response of structures with the objective of detecting, locating and quantifying structural damage. A quick summary of vibration-based techniques is first provided as an introduction to the strainᾢenergy ratio technique. The ability of the strain energy ratio to locate damage and potentially estimate its severity is illustrated through numerical simulations and experimental results on beams and plates. The extension of the concept to the analysis of the wave propagation response is also presented to demonstrate the generality of the approach. Wave-based techniques for the detection and quantification of damage also include the phase gradient technique, and the mode conversion estimation, which are also presented. The chapter concludes with the detailed presentation of the damage force indicator technique as yet another method for damage localization.


Mode Shape Damage Detection Damage Index Damage Location Lamb Wave 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan
    • 1
  • Massimo Ruzzene
    • 2
  • Sathyanarayana Hanagud
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.School of Aerospace Engineering, School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.School of Aerospace EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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