Facial Allotransplantation in China

  • Robert F. Lohman


Between 2003 and 2006, there were two operations in China for partial face transplantation. Details about the operative technique, background research, immunosuppression, etc are summarized here. Although these operations were free of significant early complications, neither patient survived in the long run. Careful patient selection, and close, life-long follow up will probably be required to minimize late complications after face transplantation.


Facial Nerve Acute Rejection Parotid Gland Maxillary Sinus Blood Glucose Concentration 
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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic and Plastic SurgeryCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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