Addressing Religious and Cultural Differences in Views on Face Transplantation
Up to present more than 80 cases of composite tissue allotransplants (CTA) have been reported across the world. The geographical distribution of the reported cases is prominently in favor of Europe and North America. It is therefore questionable if the religious and cultural views could have a role in determining the diffusion of face transplantation practice in different countries. While Christianity and Islam encourage organ donation, Buddhism, Shinto, and conservative branches of Judaism have had a tormented process of acceptance of brain death concept and cadaveric organ donation. No religion is formally against transplantation from deceased donors. Specific religious bans against face transplantation do not exist; however, a wide gap is present between the religious stances and the popular beliefs. Education on indications, organ procurement procedures, and treatment of the donor is needed to clarify erroneous beliefs and address the fears, helping the diffusion of the practice.
KeywordsReligious Belief Organ Donation Brain Death Deceased Donor Muslim Scholar
Composite Tissue Allotransplantation
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