The Face as a Sensory Organ

  • Maria Z. Siemionow
  • Bahar Bassiri Gharb
  • Antonio Rampazzo


The human face is a highly specialized organ which receives sensory information from the environment and transmits it to the cortex. The advent of facial transplantation has recently shown that excellent reconstruction of disfiguring defects can be achieved; thus, the expectations are now focused on functional recovery of the transplant. So far, restoration of the facial sensation has not received the same attention as the recovery of motor function. We describe the current knowledge of the sensory pathways of the human face and their respective functions, the available methods of sensory assessment, and the data on normal sensation. The topographical sensory anatomy of facial subunits is summarized, the trigemino-facial connections are illustrated, and the implications of these anatomical variations on facial allotransplantation are emphasized.


Facial Nerve Trigeminal Nerve Human Face Facial Skin Free Nerve Ending 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Z. Siemionow
    • 1
  • Bahar Bassiri Gharb
  • Antonio Rampazzo
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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