Explanations of Figures and Case Reports with Individual Therapeutic Options

  • Efim Benenson


All figures clearly present the clinical, radiological and morphological findings detected during everyday rheumatology practice. In accordance with their approximation to the morphological substrate of a condition or disease, they have been categorized into three divergent and loosely delimited groups A. Condition-specific syndromes, when the depicted stable combination of the assembled symptoms represents a morphological substrate or morphological diagnosis of a condition; subsequently causal investigation should ensue. B.Non-disease-specific syndromes, when the figures can be assigned to more individual conditions and diseases. C.Disease-specific syndromes, when pathognomonic (Greek “indicative of a disease”) symptoms or the relevant diagnostic criteria of a certain disease can be identified.


Laser Therapy Clinical Syndrome Organ Involvement Sacroiliac Joint Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Efim Benenson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

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