Diagnostic Training and Rheumatology Trees

  • Efim Benenson


These randomly numbered figures (Fig.) and possibly related, laconically arranged clinical situations (CS) – without anticipated results and superfluous findings – taken from our everyday rheumatology practice may, in our opinion, shape, enhance and train clinical and rheumatological expertise and thinking skills. The Fig. and CS represent, in equal measure, the rheumatological modules of medical training, and illustrative material on the subject and, if you wish, a challenge and appropriate homework for students.


Clinical Situation Rheumatic Fever Lupus Anticoagulant Systemic Rheumatic Disease Aortic Valve Insufficiency 
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  1. Benenson E, Fries JW, Heilig B et al. High-dose azathioprine pulse therapy as a new treatment option in patients with active Wegener’s granulomatosis and lupus nephritis refractory or intolerant to cyclophosphamide. Clin Rheumatol. 2005;24:251–257.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benenson E, Blank H, Pelzer R et al. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-confirmed soft tissue disorders as “model” for anti-inflammatory effect of LLLT (785 μm). Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the World Association of Laser Therapy. Limassol (Cyprus), October 25–28, 2006. Medimond, pp. 63–67.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Efim Benenson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

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