• Ian Chivers
  • Jane Sleightholme


The aims of this chapter are: To review the process of file creation at a terminal. To introduce more formally the idea of the file as a fundamental entity. To show how files can be declared explicitly by the open and close statements. To introduce the arguments for the open and close statements. To demonstrate the interaction between the read/write statements and the open/close statements.


Text File Read Statement Unit Number Fundamental Entity Character Expression 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Chivers
    • 1
  • Jane Sleightholme
    • 2
  1. 1.Rhymney ConsultingLondonUK
  2. 2.FortranplusLondonUK

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