Hydrogen Sorption Properties of Materials

  • Darren P. Broom
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


In this chapter we examine the hydrogen sorption properties of materials, considering both the parameters that are of prime practical engineering importance, and the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of interest for future materials development. We begin with the practical storage properties, such as the reversible storage capacity, including definitions of the gravimetric and volumetric capacities and the total and excess adsorption for adsorptive hydrogen storage, the long term cycling stability, gaseous impurity resistance, and the ease of activation. The thermodynamic properties, including the enthalpy of molecular hydrogen adsorption and the enthalpy of hydride formation or decomposition are then covered. We then discuss the kinetics of hydrogen adsorption and absorption, including parameters such as the activation energy, hydrogen diffusion coefficient and the apparent rates of absorption or desorption, which can be used to characterise the time-dependent sorption and desorption properties of materials. The latter part of the chapter then considers both equilibrium and kinetic models that can be used to describe experimental data.


Hydrogen Absorption Hydrogen Storage Hydrogen Adsorption Hydrogen Storage Capacity Hydride Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

©  Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hiden Isochema LtdWarringtonUK

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