Syncope pp 49-63 | Cite as

The Initial Evaluation of T-LOC: Diagnostic Strategy Based on the Initial Findings

  • Michele Brignole
  • David G. Benditt


The initial evaluation of a patient presenting with transient loss of consciousness (T-LOC) consists of careful history, physical examination including orthostatic blood pressure measurements (i.e., active standing test), and standard ECG.


Orthostatic Hypotension Structural Heart Disease Syncopic Episode Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia Carotid Sinus Massage 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Cardiologia, Centro AritmologicoOspedali del TigullioLavagnaItaly
  2. 2.Cardiac Arrhythmia CenterMedical School, University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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